Attention Stance (Charyot Sogi): Learnt at White Belt
- Feet form a 45 degree angle, heels together (feet form a “V” Shape)
- Drop the fist down naturally bending at the elbows slightly
- The fist are clenched slightly
- Eyes face the front
Bow Posture (Kyong Ye Jase) Learnt at White Belt
- Bend the body 15 degrees forward
- Keep the eyes fixed on the opponent’s eyes
- Spread the feet parallel to shoulder with
- Keep the all your toes facing the front.
Sitting Stance (Annun Sogi) Learnt at White Belt
This is a very stable stance for lateral movement. It is also widely used for punching exercise and muscle development of the legs. One of the advantages of this stance is to shift into walking stance without relocating the foot.
- Spread one leg to the side at a distance of approximately one and a half shoulder width between the big toes.
- Point the toes to the front and distribute the body weight evenly on both legs.
- Extend the knees outward, bending until the kneecaps come over the ball of the foot.
- Push both the abdomen and chest out and pull the hip back, tensing the abdomen.
Double width of the shoulder weakens the stance and speedy movement is hampered. It is either full facing or side facing.
Walking Stance (Gunning Sogi) Learnt at White Belt
- Move one foot to either front or rear at a distance of one and a half shoulder width between the big toes, and one shoulder width from the center of one instep to the other. Over one and a half distance makes the movement slow and weak against an attack from the side front or rear.
- Bend the front leg until the kneecap forms a vertical line with the heel, extending the opposite leg fully.
- Distribute the body weight evenly on both feet. (50% on each leg)
- Keep the toes of the front foot pointing forward, and the opposite foot 25 degrees outward. Over 25 degrees weakens the leg joint against an attack from the rear.
- Tense muscles of the feet with the feeling of pulling them toward each other.
Walking stance is defined by the front leg i.e. right leg forward = right walking stance. This stance can be full facing or half facing.
L-Stance (Nuinja Sogi) Learnt at Yellow Stripe
This is a widely used stance for defence, though used in attack as well. The front foot is readily available for kicking with a slight shift of the body weight and with the advantage of half facing as well as body shifting.
- Move one foot to either the front or rear to a distance of approximately one and a half shoulder width from the foot sword of the rear foot to the toes of the front foot, forming almost a right angle. The toes of both feet point about 15 degrees inward, placing the rear foot 2.5cm to gain better stability.
- Bend the rear leg until the knee cap forms a vertical line with the toes bending the front leg proportionally.
- Keep the hip aligned with the inner knee joint
- The ratio of the body weight is about 70% on the rear leg and 30% on the front leg.
Unlike Walking stance, the rear leg denoted which stance it is, i.e. the right leg back is called a right L-Stance and vice versa.
Fixed Stance (Gojung Sogi) Learnt at Green Belt
It is an effective stance for attack and defence to the side. This stance is similar to the L-Stance with following exceptions:
- The bodyweight is distributed on both legs evenly.
- The distance between the big toes is about one and a half shoulder width.
When the right foot is forward, the stance is called a right fixed stance and vice-versa. It is always half-facing, both in attack and defence.
Bending Ready Stance (Goburyo Sogi) Learnt at Green Belt
This serves as a preparatory stance for side and back kicks, though it is frequently used for defence techniques. When standing with a right foot it is called a right bending ready stance and vice versa. It is either full facing or half facing.
X Stance (Kyocha Sogi)
This is a very convenient stance, in particular for attacking the side or front in a jumping motion. It is frequently used for blocking and serves as a preparatory stance for moving into the next manoeuvre.
- Cross one foot over or behind the other, touching the ground slightly with the ball of the foot.
- Place the body weight on the stationary foot.
- One foot always crosses over the front with the exception of a jumping motion.
When the weight is rested on the right foot, the stance is called a right X-stance and vice versa. The other foot is usually placed in front of the stationary foot. It can be full, side or half facing both in attack and defence.
Rear Foot Stance (Dwitbal Sogi)
This is used for defence and occasionally attack. The advantage of this stance is the ability to kick or adjust the distance from and opponent with the front foot which can move spontaneously without any additional shifting of the body weight to the rear foot.
- Move one foot to either the front or rear at a distance of one shoulder width between the outside of the rear foot and the toes of the front foot.
- Bend the rear leg until the knee comes over the toes, placing the heel slightly beyond the heel of the front foot.
- Bend the front leg, touching the ground slightly with the ball of the foot.
- Keep the toes of the front foot pointing about 25 degrees and the toes of the rear foot about 15 degrees inward.
- Distribute most of the body weight on the rear foot.
When the right foot is at the rear, the stance is called a right foot stance and vice-versa. It is always half facing, both in attack and defence. Be sure to keep the knee of the rear leg pointing slightly inward.
Low Stance (Nachuo Sogi)
The advantage of this is the ease with which one can extend the attacking tool. It can also develop the leg muscles and is effective to adjust to and from the target. It is similar to walking stance, though longer by one foot. It can be either full or half facing.
Vertical Stance (Soo-Jik Sogi)
- Move one foot to either front or side at a distance of one shoulder width between the big toes.
- The ratio of the body weight is 60% on the rear leg and 40% on the front leg.
- Keep the toes of both feet pointed approximately 15 degrees inward.
- Keep the legs straight.