The Founder of Taekwon-Do:
General Choi Hong Hi
The Date Taekwon-Do was Founded:
April 11th, 1955
The Date the ITF was Founded:
March 22nd, 1966
The Literal Meaning of Taekwon-Do:
Tae = foot technique, kwon = hand technique, Do = art or way of life
General Choi’s Birth Date:
November 9th, 1918
1. I shall observe the tenets of Taekwon-Do: Courtesy, Integrity,
Perseverance, Self Control, Indomitable Spirit.
2. I shall respect my instructors and seniors.
3. I shall never misuse Taekwon-Do.
4. I shall be a champion for freedom and justice.
5. I shall build a more peaceful world.
Order and Meaning of Belt Colors:
White: Signifies Innocence, as that of beginning a student who has no previous
knowledge of Taekwon-Do.
Yellow: Signifies the Earth from which a plant sprouts and takes root as the
Taekwon-Do foundation is being laid.
Green: Signifies the plant’s Growth as the Taekwon-Do skill begins to develop.
Blue: Signifies the Heaven, toward which the plant matures into a towering tree
as training in Taekwon-Do progresses.
Red: Signifies Danger, cautioning the student to exercise control and warning
the opponent to stay away.
Black: Opposite of white, therefore, signifying the maturity and proficiency in
Taekwon-Do. It also indicates the wearer’s imperviousness to darkness and fear.
Theory of Power:
Speed, Mass, Balance, Concentration, Reaction Force, Breathing Control.
Number of Patterns:
24 (one for each hour of the day) from Chon-ji to Tong-il, (Four
directional punching and blocking are not official patterns, they are
fundamental movement sequences), each pattern is named after a
figure or event in Korean history.
Attention – CHARYOT Begin – SI JAK
Bow – KYONG YE Finished – EE SANG
Return – BARO Stop – GOMAN
Sit or kneel- ANJ OH Turn around- TUI TORA
At ease – SWIYO Training Hall- DOJANG
Ready position – JUNBI Uniform – DOBOK